What’s the best mattress for a bad back?
We are often asked to advise on which mattresses are suitable for people with bad or painful backs. There is a long-held view that a firm mattress is the best for a bad back, but is this actually true? What kind of mattress should you look for it you have a bad back? One that is supportive and comfortable it turns out!
Are firm mattresses good for bad backs?
One statement that seems to haunt us is “my chiropractor told me to look for an orthopaedic or firm mattress to help my bad back“. We have investigated this to find out why certain Chiropractors recommend firm beds. The response has been that firmness is thought to help support the body. This is where the confusion starts; firmness and support are two different things!
All quality mattresses should offer you suitable support for your weight and height. The firmness is the perceived tension or comfort of the mattress by the sleeper. Support is somewhat dictated by your weight given that the majority of mattresses are sprung unless you’re looking at a solid core latex or foam mattress. The spring units will have a weight range which they have been designed and manufactured to accommodate.
Any half decent mattress manufacturer or retailer should be able to tell you exactly what weight range their particular spring tensions are suited for. Unfortunately, they probably won’t have a clue and will just ask you to lie on it, maybe telling you that its ‘individual preference’.
A spring unit has to be made with a load bearing weight in mind, it is fundamental to the laws of physics. If not the manufacturers are just guessing, and given the multi-million-pound industry that is beds, there’s no way spring manufacturers are going to risk a guess specification.
A good example of spring tolerances is shown in our Artisan range, which comes in 3 different spring tensions, making split tensions and zip and link mattresses truly bespoke. Below is the table which shows you the weight tolerances of these springs. There is some give and take needed, especially when you’re on the cusp such as 10 stone sleepers or 16 stone sleepers. This is where our teams’ expert advice can really help you make an informed decision.
|Artisan Spring Tension||Weight Range|
|Soft||Under 10 stone /64kg|
|Medium||10-16 stone / 64-101kg|
|Firm||Over 16 stone / 101kg|
What is an Orthopaedic mattress?
An orthopaedic mattress is simply a term the industry came up with years ago to refer to a super firm spring tension or support unit in a mattress. An orthopaedic mattress is any spring unit which uses a 1.94mm 12 gauge spring. This is the firmest gauge wire you can use in a conventional mattress spring. They are uber firm, very unforgiving and in our experience will only suit a tiny fraction of the bed buying public.
Why are they unsuitable for most people?
They are unsuitable because unless you’re weighing in at the 18 stone plus bracket, the springs will have zero function. They will struggle to compress or offer any give to most sleepers. It’s the equivalent of sleeping on a table for most. You will effectively be making your back conform to the mattress rather than the mattress conforming to your most comfortable natural spine position.
But I love a firm mattress!
People who love a firm mattress can achieve the same feeling but with much better, body-specific support, by allowing the upholstery layers to provide the firm feel and not a super rigid spring mechanism. We list our ranges based on the feel in the upholstery layer, and not just on the spring unit, which shows you that you can get that firm feel without crippling your back or settling for a useless heavy gauge support unit. Our Origins Reflex and Artisan Bespoke are excellent examples of a firmer feel in the upholstery layer whilst having spring units that are forgiving enough to accommodate your weight properly.
Cage sprung orthopaedic mattresses
One thing to bear in mind is that a lot of orthopaedic mattresses are made of the dreaded cage sprung or open coil spring system. We have written scathing reviews of these monsters here on the site. You should definitely be asking what type of spring unit you’re looking at if you are adamant that an orthopaedic mattress is the one for you. A number of them are made from cage sprung support units as they are cheap, easy to make, and can utilise very thick wires with much less precision and skill than a pocket spring unit can.
Matching body weight and height to a mattress is essential
What this advice also completely fails to mention is body weight and height which are essential to working out the support needed. You need to choose a mattress specifically suitable for you; by matching your weight, height and comfort preferences to potential mattresses.
Each person will have a preferred tension of their mattress, some like it soft some firmer. What’s essential is that there is adequate support for your weight. That the springs are not so firm that your bodyweight doesn’t even utilise them, or that the springs are so soft that they compress too quickly. It’s a fine balancing act which is where we come in to help guide you based on our mattress design experience.
If we can tell you anything it is to forget the firm / orthopedic advice when it comes to bad backs, because this old wives tale may end up making your sleep experience worse!
A good example of this is taking the example of an 18 stone sleeper. Without their height, you look at the spring tolerances and immediately choose a firm spring unit. However, if you then find out the 18 stone sleeper is 6ft 6 this may be the wrong spring tension as their body weight is far spread out compared to someone who is 5ft 5. So they may actually require a medium spring tension. This is where expert advice can really save you some costly mistakes.
Is a latex mattress good for a bad back?
Latex is the most progressive of mattress materials and can be a fantastic option for people with back issues. People with bad backs tell us they want a mattress that contours to them whilst giving support and latex is brilliant at this. Latex mattresses also have an incredible rebound rate unlike memory foam so return to their original position almost immediately when you turn over. However, they do have a very different feel to say a traditional mattress so we always advise you try one out first or really do your research given they feel very responsive. Learn more about latex here.
Our Fusion latex range, for example, is suitable for people looking for relief from bad backs, hips, aches, and pains.
Chiropractors advice on buying mattresses
We have dug a bit deeper to help you find some useful advice. The British Chiropractic Association (BCA) has published advice on bed buying which is much more suitable than the ‘firm orthopaedic bed’ mattress guidance. It mirrors the advice that we have provided for years, that a mattress for any back ailment should be supportive and comfortable for the sleeper. It asks you to take into consideration your preference and any additional sleepers you share your bed with. Advising that a zip and link dual tension mattress may be suitable to enable both sleepers to get a mattress that matches their preference.
The BCP Mattress Buying advice is as follows:
- Choose a mattress that offers you support based on your weight
- Spine should be in alignment when you’re lying on the mattress – ie no spine sagging (potentially too soft a mattress) or bowing (potentially too firm a mattress)
- A pillow should be an extension of the spine alignment allowing the neck to be in line with the spine
- Always shop with any partner you share the bed with, considering a split tension mattress if need be such as a zip and link.
- Take your time lying for as long as you can on a mattress if you’re trying one in a shop
- Download the BCP Mind your Posture: Buying a bed guide here
That said we must also advise that there is sometimes no miracle cure for a bad back, achy hip or shoulder. What you can do is choose a bed that will do its best to support and reduce this. Any advice that a good bed will completely fix your bad back is a lie, that said many of our customers have responded that our advice has improved their comfort and quality of sleep.
We’re here to help
Speak to our small friendly team between 9am – 5pm and we’ll be happy to guide you through any questions you may have.
Call today 0161 945 3757